A new report from the independent, nonprofit Institute of Medicine (IOM) finds that the federal government is not measuring the effectiveness of treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) — calling into question the millions of dollars spent on mental health of service members.
Moreover, researchers discovered the neither the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) nor U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) have kept pace with growing demand for PTSD treatment.
The health arm of the National Academy of Sciences, the IOM provides unbiased and authoritative advice to decision-makers and the public.
“Both departments lack a coordinated, consistent, and well-developed evidence-based system of treatment for PTSD and need to do a better job tracking outcomes,” said Sandro Galea, M.D., Dr.P.H., chair of the IOM committee, and chair of the Department of Epidemiology at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health.
“Mental health is among the most important factors behind successful re-entry after military service, and we don’t know if treatments are working.”
The IOM issued this report on the heels of a scandal at the Department of Veterans Affairs that led to the resignation of VA Secretary Eric Shinseki on May 30. Federal investigators determined that service members were systematically denied timely care in a network of more than 1,700 healthcare facilities that suffers from inefficiency and bureaucracy.
PTSD is diagnosed by combination of symptoms, including hypervigilence and sleeplessness, and can be treated both pharmacologically and psychologically with cognitive-behavioral and other therapies involving multiple sessions with trained counselors.
An estimated five percent of service members have been diagnosed with PTSD; for veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts, the number rises to eight percent.
In 2012, more than a half-million sought care for PTSD in the VA — 9.2 percent of all VA users. In 2012 the DOD and VA spent $294 million for PTSD care.
If treatment demands continue to climb, the total cost for PTSD could exceed $500 million by 2017.
The report also recommends that the DOD and VA enlist a workforce of mental health care providers to meet the growing need for PTSD treatment.